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This book explores the international diffusion of Participatory Budgeting (PB), a local policy created in 1989 in Porto Alegre, Brazil, which has now spread worldwide. The book argues that the action of a group of individuals called "Ambassadors of Participation" was crucial to make PB part of the international agenda. This international dimension has been largely overlooked in the vast literature produced on participatory democracy devices. The book combines public policy analysis and the study of international relations, and makes a broad comparative study of PB, including cases from Latin America, Europe, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The book also presents a new methodology developed to examine PB diffusion, the "transnational political ethnography", which combines in-depth interviews, participant observation and document analysis both at the local and transnational level. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Great Design on a Budget is a cost-cutting primer and a source-book of ideas for creating first-rate designs on minimal budgets.
"BUDGET TRAVEL - The Ultimate Guide" shares an abundance of information for both the occasional traveller looking for great deals and discounts as well as anyone looking for long term travel and location independence. PART 1 - covers numerous ways to save BIG on airfare, accommodation, car rental and much more, including: - Mistake Airfares, finding Budget Airlines worldwide, booking free Stop-Overs in amazing cities, strategies for booking Round-The-World tickets - Travel Hacking: FREE flights anyone....? - How to find Rental Car Discount Coupons in seconds & a new trending form of inexpensive car rental that you probably never heard of.... - The most comprehensive resource for train travel anywhere in the world - Cruise Ship Discounts - Free Accomodation (yes, that exists....) - Where to find the best last minute offers - Appartment rental in Europe - a booking site that lets you earn miles for each hotel stay PART 2 - Getting Paid to Travel! shows numerous ways to work abroad and earn a living while travelling, including: - Cruise Ships & Private Yachts - National Parks - Adventure Guide - NGOs - Teaching English Abroad and much more... PART 3 - continues the theme of location dependence with a multitude of advice for becoming a Digital Nomad and Online Entrepeneurship. Working online provides the freedom to live anywhere in the world and explore ever new cultures and regions. This section covers many different forms of building a freelance business - even if you think you have no relevant skills.... Also, advice on how to start a travel blog and score discounts and free trips as well as a solid income for years to come. PART 4 - covers additional resources from Travel Insurance to helpful Travel Apps, Visa Applications and Safety Tips. Written by a Digital Nomad & Travel Blogger with many years of first-hand experience, this book will provide all the tools you need to create amazing travel adventures for yourself and your family without spending a fortune and - if that's your dream - the tools to become a long term traveller, free to go wherever you wish with sound strategies for financial sustenance that can keep you travelling for years to come.
This work seeks to explore the widely held assumption that the discipline of International Relations is dominated by American scholars, approaches and institutions.
It proceeds by defining 'dominance' along Gramscian lines and then identifying different ways in which such dominance could be exerted: agenda-setting, theoretically, methodologically, institutionally, gate-keeping. Turton dedicates a chapter to each of these forms of dominance in which she sets out the arguments in the literature, discusses their theoretical implications, and tests for empirical support. The work argues that the self-image of IR as an American dominated discipline does not reflect the state of affairs once a detailed sociological analysis of the production of knowledge in the discipline is undertaken. Turton argues that the discipline is actually more plural than widely recognized, challenging widely held beliefs in International Relations and it taking a successful step towards unpacking the term 'dominance'.
An insightful contribution to the field, this work will be of great interest to students and scholars alike.
Travelers often think of a luxury vacation as champagne and caviar dreams, but often don't have the budget to afford such luxuries. But luxury travel is not all about first class flights, swanky hotels, lavish restaurants and extravagant shopping. Shamael Khan shows you ways to travel in relative luxury and comfort by thinking out of the box and not draining your bank account. By using the advice in this book, you too can live comfortably and luxuriously during your vacation.Shamael shares his tips, tricks and advice through 12 years of business and personal travel throughout Europe, Asia, North America and the Middle East. He uses his business travel experience during tough economic times in order to develop a strategy to find the best deals and different ways to create your own personal luxury vacation.