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This book explores the international diffusion of Participatory Budgeting (PB), a local policy created in 1989 in Porto Alegre, Brazil, which has now spread worldwide. The book argues that the action of a group of individuals called "Ambassadors of Participation" was crucial to make PB part of the international agenda. This international dimension has been largely overlooked in the vast literature produced on participatory democracy devices. The book combines public policy analysis and the study of international relations, and makes a broad comparative study of PB, including cases from Latin America, Europe, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The book also presents a new methodology developed to examine PB diffusion, the "transnational political ethnography", which combines in-depth interviews, participant observation and document analysis both at the local and transnational level. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
The family vacation has been portrayed in many ways. From National Lampoon's "Vacation" showing the trials and tribulations of the Griswold family trying to get to "Wally World" to "The Great Outdoors" with John Candy and his family renting out a cabin in the woods only to encounter a meddling bear. Family vacations in the media seem to be one thing going wrong after another. But in real life, the family vacation is a time to bond together as a family unit and enjoy newfound times of closeness while exploring new adventures and locales. The memories you can make on these vacations will stay with you for years and give your children special moments they'll treasure forever. You can choose to drive cross country and see the quirky roadside attractions such as the largest ball of yarn or the corn museum. Some don't look at this as a true vacation. After all, being stuck in a car for the majority of the trip can breed some real family strife! You could also book a family cruise or fly to Mexico to spend time at a resort, but this can get pricey, and with all the activities they have for children, some parents fear the bonding they were looking forward to won't happen. For the family on a budget, the notion of a memorable and fun-filled vacation may seem out of reach. That's simply not true, however. There are many, many ways you can have a terrific family vacation while on a budget. You don't have to sacrifice fun because of lack of money. There are all kinds of vacations that can be had within almost every budget. While traveling is good for the economy and for your soul, it can be hard on your wallet. In fact, AAA estimates that a family of four should budget at least $244 per day for meals, lodging and automobile travel costs. And that figure doesn't include the staple of family vacations' entertainment. As usual, the best way to keep the costs down is to plan ahead and make informed decisions. But how do you start? You start with family input, a survey of your resources, and a well-thought out plan. We'll not only show you how to do that easily, but we'll also give you all kinds of ideas for family vacations and ways that you can make them affordable and fun! Always dreamed of going to Disney World? You can! Think the Caribbean is out of reach? It's not! We've compiled the advice and suggestions from many vacation experts and added some of our own experiences as well to give you this comprehensive guide to taking a family vacation on a budget! We'll show you different ways to save money on airfare, hotels, transportation, and eating. We'll also give you some great specific ideas for family vacations that won't break the bank along with some suggestions to help you save money and time in general while on your family getaway. Whether it's a summer trip, spring break jaunt, or wintering in the tropics, you'll be able to plan your dream vacation without breaking the bank. You'll get maximum fun without sacrificing every penny of your hard earned dollars and you may even come back with a little extra to save for that next vacation! What are you waiting for? Read on and enjoy your ebook "VACATION PLANNING (ON A BUDGET)!"
"BUDGET TRAVEL - The Ultimate Guide" shares an abundance of information for both the occasional traveller looking for great deals and discounts as well as anyone looking for long term travel and location independence. PART 1 - covers numerous ways to save BIG on airfare, accommodation, car rental and much more, including: - Mistake Airfares, finding Budget Airlines worldwide, booking free Stop-Overs in amazing cities, strategies for booking Round-The-World tickets - Travel Hacking: FREE flights anyone....? - How to find Rental Car Discount Coupons in seconds & a new trending form of inexpensive car rental that you probably never heard of.... - The most comprehensive resource for train travel anywhere in the world - Cruise Ship Discounts - Free Accomodation (yes, that exists....) - Where to find the best last minute offers - Appartment rental in Europe - a booking site that lets you earn miles for each hotel stay PART 2 - Getting Paid to Travel! shows numerous ways to work abroad and earn a living while travelling, including: - Cruise Ships & Private Yachts - National Parks - Adventure Guide - NGOs - Teaching English Abroad and much more... PART 3 - continues the theme of location dependence with a multitude of advice for becoming a Digital Nomad and Online Entrepeneurship. Working online provides the freedom to live anywhere in the world and explore ever new cultures and regions. This section covers many different forms of building a freelance business - even if you think you have no relevant skills.... Also, advice on how to start a travel blog and score discounts and free trips as well as a solid income for years to come. PART 4 - covers additional resources from Travel Insurance to helpful Travel Apps, Visa Applications and Safety Tips. Written by a Digital Nomad & Travel Blogger with many years of first-hand experience, this book will provide all the tools you need to create amazing travel adventures for yourself and your family without spending a fortune and - if that's your dream - the tools to become a long term traveller, free to go wherever you wish with sound strategies for financial sustenance that can keep you travelling for years to come.
Focusing on the era in which the modern idea of nationalism emerged as a way of establishing the preferred political, cultural, and social order for society, this book demonstrates that across different European societies the most important constituent of nationalism has been a specific understanding of the nation's historical past. Analysing Ireland and Germany, two largely unconnected societies in which the past was peculiarly contemporary in politics and where the meaning of the nation was highly contested, this volume examines how narratives of origins, religion, territory and race produced by historians who were central figures in the cultural and intellectual histories of both countries interacted; it also explores the similarities and differences between the interactions in these societies.
A History of Nationalism in Ireland and Germany investigates whether we can speak of a particular common form of nationalism in Europe. The book draws attention to cultural and intellectual links between the Irish and the Germans during this period, and what this meant for how people in either society understood their national identity in a pivotal time for the development of the historical discipline in Europe. Contributing to a growing body of research on the 'transnationality' of nationalism, this new study of a hitherto-unexplored area will be of interest to historians of modern Germany and Ireland, comparative and transnational historians, and students and scholars of nationalism, as well as those interested in the relationship between biography and writing history.
In clear, easy-to-grasp language, the author covers many of the topics that you will need to know in order to win your dream job and be the first in line for a promotion.