Economic inequality has become a focus of prime interest for economic analysts and policy makers. This book provides an integrated approach to the topics of inequality and personal income distribution. It covers the practical and theoretical bases for inequality analysis, applications to real world problems and the foundations of theoretical approaches to income distribution. It also analyses models of the distribution of labour earnings and of income from wealth. The long-run development of income - and wealth - distribution over many generations is also examined. Special attention is given to an assessment of the merits and weaknesses of standard economic models, to illustrating the implications of distributional mechanisms using real data and illustrative examples, and to providing graphical interpretation of formal arguments. Examples are drawn from US, UK and international sources.
Bukowski, Rajagopalan and their contributors seek to cross both analytical and geographic boundaries in the study of why and how authority shifts both within and beyond the modern nation-state. They develop a conceptualization of the re-distribution of authority, that is, when the capacity of governmental and societal units involved in carrying out the tasks and responsibilities of governance change over time, relative to each other. They argue that this is a more comprehensive alternative to extant conceptualizations used to study the shifting of authority, such as decentralization, regionalism, or federalism. Nine diverse cases are then presented: Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, the United States, Russia, Spain, Portugal, Senegal, and South Africa. Each case addresses the questions: Which are the factors that explain the re-distribution of authority? Under what conditions are some of these factors more important than others?
Despite the diversity of the cases in both geographic location and levels of economic and political development, four major explanatory factors emerge as common across all nine cases: identity-related claims, economic imperatives, considerations of administrative efficiency, and political agency. Moreover, discerning the complex interaction of these factors is necessary in understanding the re-distribution of authority in both its centralizing and decentralizing forms, across all levels of governance. Of particular interest to scholars, students, and policy researchers involved with international relations, comparative politics, public administration, political development, and state formation, and ethnonational politics.
Richard Hauser Irene Becker Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, FrankfurtlMain This volume marks the end of a research project of the editors titled "The DevelÂ opment of the Personal Distribution of Income in Germany" that was financed by the Hans Bockler Foundation from 1994 to 2001. This research concentrated on a national perspective, studying many aspects of income inequality and poverty in West Germany between 1969 and 1998 and extending the analyses to inequality in East Germany after the German reunification. Now at the end point of our empiriÂ cal analyses, we want to expand the perspective to other research in this field, to challenges for future research, and to the European dimension, rather than to summarise all our results, which is done in another bookl. In 2001, the German goverrunent published its first Poverty and Wealth ReÂ 2 port , which also draws on results from our research project. Thus, the intention of this volume is threefold: presenting and advancing Gernlan reporting on poverty in other counÂ and wealth, examining experience with advanced reporting schemes tries, and discussing comparative concepts for social monitoring in the European Union.
Two men, two very different sports and one rink-sharing ice has never been so hot. Olivier 'Big Bang' St Pierre is back in his hometown while he recovers from being in the wrong place at the wrong time. Hockey's a contact sport-still, he didn't count on the locker room being dangerous. As a professional hockey player, he also didn't count on it being hard to find ice time. But when a rink shuts down unexpectedly in a winter-sport-crazy town, even being a big name won't help as people scramble for whatever they can get. The first time Ethan Campbell hears from the local hockey legend he knew as a kid, Olivier manages to insult both his family's rink and his new sport-curling. So he's not exactly receptive when Olivier shows up in person to plead his case. He makes a sarcastic offer...and is shocked when Olivier takes him up on it. Ethan's bad experience with hockey had left him cold. But soon he and Olivier are burning up the ice. Ethan is tied to his town, job and family, while Olivier will be going back to Chicago to rejoin his team as soon as he's able. It can't possibly last...can it?
This book contains a comprehensive exposition of the Nevanlinna theory of meromorphic functions of one complex variable, with detailed study of deficiencies, value distribution, and asymptotic properties of meromorphic functions. A self-contained exposition of the inverse problem for meromorphic functions of finite order with finitely many deficiencies is given in full detail. Many results included in the book belong to the authors, and were previously available only in journal articles. The main body of the book is a translation of the Russian original published in 1970, which has been one of the most popular sources in this field since then. New references and footnotes related to recent achievements in the topics considered in the original edition have been added and a few corrections made. A new Appendix with a survey of the results obtained after 1970 and extensive bibliography has been written by Alexandre Eremenko and James K. Langley for this English edition. The only prerequisite for understanding material of this book is an undergraduate course in the theory of functions of one complex variable.