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This book is the first-ever history of South African intelligence and provides a detailed examination of the various stages in the evolution of South Africa's intelligence organizations and structures. It covers:
In the first period, it examines not only the apartheid government's intelligence dispensation and operations, but also those of the African National Congress, and its partner, the South African Communist Party (ANC/SACP) - as well as those of other liberation movements and the 'independent homelands' under the apartheid system.
Examining the civilian, military and police intelligence structures and operations in all periods, as well as the extraordinarily complicated apartheid government's security bureaucracy (or 'securocracy') and its structures and units, the book discusses how South Africa's Cold War 'position' influenced its relationships with various other world powers, especially where intelligence co-operation came to bear. It outlines South Africa's regional relationships and concerns - the foremost being its activities in South-West Africa (Namibia) and its relationship with Rhodesia through 1980.
Finally, it examines the various legislative and other governance bases for the existence and operations of South Africa's intelligence structures - in all periods - and the influences that such activities as the Rivonia Trial (at one end of the history) or the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (at the other end) had on the evolution of these intelligence questions throughout South Africa's modern history.
The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) is the leading international body representing the interests of library and information services and their users. It is the global voice of the information profession.
The series IFLA Publications deals with many of the means through which libraries, information centres, and information professionals worldwide can formulate their goals, exert their influence as a group, protect their interests, and find solutions to global problems.
As use of the NEC (formerly the New Engineering Contract) family of contracts continues to grow worldwide, so does the importance of understanding its clauses and nuances to everyone working in the built environment. Currently in its third edition, this set of contracts is different to others in concept as well as format, so users may well find themselves needing a helping hand along the way.
Understanding NEC3: Professional Services Contract uses plain English to lead the reader through the NEC3 Professional Services Contract's key features, including:
Common problems experienced when using the Professional Services Contract are signalled to the reader throughout, and the correct way of reading each clause is explained. The ways in which the contract affects procurement processes, dispute resolution, project management and risk management are all addressed in order to direct the user to best practice.
Written for construction professionals, by a practising international construction contract consultant, this handbook is the most straightforward, balanced and practical guide to the NEC3 PSC available. It is an ideal companion for Employers, Consultants, Contractors, Engineers, Architects, Quantity Surveyors, Subcontractors and anyone else interested in working successfully with the NEC3 PSC.
It is an unquestioned assumption of trade mark law that trade marks are territorial. But is territoriality relevant in a global marketplace? If trade marks are not dependent upon territoriality what are the alternative models for their protection? Professor Dinwoodie considers these important issues in this thought-provoking scholarly treatment of the concept and relevance of territoriality in modern trade mark law.